Five styles of art you didn’t know you knew


Impressionism

Notable artists: Claude Monet, Edgar Degas

How can you find out:

The word may escape you, but if you’ve ever said, “I love jerky brush strokes,” what you’re looking at is most likely an impressionist painting. In American teen comedy Ferris Bueller’s day off, Cameron has a gaze contest with Sunday at La Grande Jatte by post-impressionist artist George Seurat.

The story in a few words:

In the middle of the 19th century in France, the Acadamy of Arts dominates the French art world. Students of the Academy were meant to be conservative in the way they painted, choosing historical or religious scenes as the subject – landscapes and portraits were a big no-no. It was even frowned upon to paint outside on site rather than inside a studio.

The name of the movement comes from the piece by impressionist pioneer Claude Monet Print, rising sun (Impression, sunrise), a painting of a sunrise over a pier, which caused a stir among critics for its violation of these academic “rules”. It was a really important move because it changed the public’s perception of art, showing that paintings don’t have to be realistic to represent a subject or a scene. He paved the way for post-impressionist artists such as Vincent van Gogh, and even inspired movements in music and literature.

How to spot it:

Impressionism is characterized by relatively fine brushstrokes that are not blended smoothly, ordinary subjects (such as portraits or landscapes), and often unusual visual angles. He pays particular attention to changes in light and color, giving an “impression” of time passing.


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