For the period from September 13 to 19, 2022
Many growers experienced cool, wet weather last week, which halted or slowed their harvest operations until conditions improve. Other producers who were able to continue have completed their harvest or are about to do so. The progress of harvests in the province is 73%, against 64% last week and ahead of the five-year average (2017-2021) of 68%. An additional 18% of the crop is ready to be swathed or cut in a straight line.
Harvesting is most advanced in the Southwest region, where 96% of the harvest is now combined. The mid-west region has a combined 89% and the south-east 65%. The Northwest region has 63% combined, the Northeast 58% and the Central East 52%.
Ninety-seven percent lentils and field peas, 94 percent durum wheat, 78 percent barley, 77 percent spring wheat, 52 percent canola and 35 percent flax have now been combined. Another 36% of canola is swathed or ready to cut straight.
The rainfall was generally welcomed after several weeks of dry weather. Concerns about field and equipment fires have subsided and it is hoped there will be enough rain in some areas to allow pastures to regrow a bit. The Pelly area received 44mm, the Melfort and Moosomin areas 30mm, the Lipton area 13mm, the Rosetown area 9mm, and the Vanguard area 4mm.
Provincial cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 1% excess, 37% adequate, 40% insufficient, and 21% very insufficient. Hay and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 1% excess, 28% adequate, 42% insufficient, and 29% very insufficient. These conditions have diminished across the province due to strong winds and lack of rain.
Pasture conditions are rated as 4% excellent, 23% good, 31% fair, 25% poor and 17% very poor. Conditions vary across the province with the southeast, mid-east, and northeast regions being good to excellent due to spring and summer-long precipitation that helped maintain pasture grass.
The majority of crop damage this week was due to wind, waterfowl, wildlife and lack of moisture. There have been several reports of severe frosts across the province, but growers say damage is low due to crops being so well advanced. Recent rains are likely to cause minor downgrading of standing or windrowed cereal crops due to bleaching.
Producers are busy finishing the harvest, hauling bales, transporting livestock home or to market, hauling water, and performing post-harvest field activities such as applying herbicides .